A domain name allows you to type in something memorable, such as mysite.com, instead of a complicated string of numbers (known as an IP address) to access a website. How does this process work? The content that makes up your website (photos, blog posts, font files, etc.) are your website files. These website files are hosted on servers all across the globe.

But these servers are only recognized by IP addresses. Your IP address will be a string of numbers similar to this: Your IP address is an identification number that allows one computer to communicate with other over the internet. There’s an intermediary called a Domain Name System (DNS). A set of DNS servers act like a phone book that connects IP addresses to domain names. The role of a DNS is to make browsing the Internet much easier by pointing your domain to a specific IP address. 

Instead of having to type in an IP address whenever you want to access a website, all you have to do is type in the domain name. In other words, a domain name is a more memorable version of your IP address. Every domain name is composed of two different elements, the domain name and the top-level domain. In the example above “mysite” is the domain name, while “.com” is the top-level domain.

Tuesday, July 11, 2017

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